Jul 12, 2017

Coping with Moving

I move A LOT. And it doesn’t get any freakin’ easier. The longest I’ve ever (in my whole life) lived in one place is 7 years, and most places around 3 years. I moved to York a week ago and have been struggling with feelings of loneliness. It’s like every time I have a solid friendship circle, it’s time to move away again. [Disclaimer: I’m very privileged to lead the life I do; this post is just about one of the aspects that I struggle with]

[Disclaimer #2] I started this blog post and Twitter poll on Tuesday morning and in the afternoon was hit with some pretty heavy family stuff, which compounded all the feels. And now I’m writing it with all that in mind.

Academics, and Early Career Researchers in particular, often have to move to follow jobs and fieldwork, and attempt to solve the "2 body problem" (finding a place for self and partner). Half the people that answered my poll had moved 2-5 times in the last 10 years, and a quarter moved more than 5 times.    

I was counting the times I'd moved to a different town or country but found that lots of people had the experience of moving within the same town because of temporary contracts (and I'd moved within St Andrews too, because of fieldwork). The logistics of moving can be stressful in and of themselves, and having the uncertainty of those temporary contracts forcing you to move sounds horrible!

There's also the point that while you might not move house, moving university and commuting can be really hard - like having two separate lives, going on (1) where you live and (2) where you work.

Next, I asked people what the hardest part of moving was.

63% said that making friends was the hardest part. But 14% said "Nothing, I love moving!" which is also important to acknowledge. While my own experience is one of "Oh no, I had such great friends and now I have to work really hard to find people that amazing", plenty of people enjoy the process of making friends. And that's really cool!

Holly's comment really struck a chord - "it's missing the old stuff". I think I can do moving and settling into a physical space, but I really miss the old friendships that I left behind. And making new friends was clearly something that lots of people struggle with.

So what does the university do to help introduce newcomers? 

I was pretty shocked that 65% of respondents hadn't been introduced to people through their university's induction process. Luckily, when I arrived at York I was led around offices and introduced to a few people (who later introduced me to more people etc.) It was really helpful!! This is something that all universities should do in one way or another.

If some universities aren't doing much to help newcomers integrate, are people in the department taking it upon themselves?

These numbers look a bit better, with 2/3rds of people being invited to social events personally or by email (I think that personal invites are more effective; sometimes I shy away from an e-invite if I don't think I'll know anyone there). But that's still 1/3 of people not being invited to departmental social events. 

I wondered whether people had personal strategies for dealing with moving to a new place.
Okay, it was quite mean getting to choose between these three options, because I actually do all of them (also physio and massage is wonderful!) But having forced a choice, 50% of people find nesting into their new home helps and 36% like joining clubs, gyms, teams etc.

Joining clubs and things is a good way of meeting people outside of the department, and my final question was "in the end, where were most of your new friends?"
It's not massively surprising that most people make most of their friends within the department. I'd be really curious to see how this demographic changes the longer you live somewhere. Whether it would start to shift towards people outside the department and university as you met people in different ways.

So, yeah, my difficulties moving this time have probably been really affected by personal stuff that's going on simultaneously (when it rains, it pours - am I right?) However, it sounds like a lot of people find it hard to make friends at first, and there's not always the university or departmental structures in place to include newcomers. I've been pretty lucky coming to York, and it would be great if, in a career where so many people have to move so regularly, there were more standard procedures across academia for welcoming people. 

Ima let Dr Girl sum up this poll thread & blog post:

Apr 18, 2017

Do you see what I see?

As some of you know, Cat Hobaiter and I are putting together an online experiment to test human understanding of great ape gestures. This means pulling together video examples of all of our gestures, but we need to make sure that the gestures will be visible for everyone. Cat and I (and many of our colleagues) are used to looking past branches, with shaky cameras and digitally brightened videos. We are going to pick the clearest videos possible for the experiment, but I'm curious - how well can you spot a gesture?

Does it matter if the camera is shaky?

Does it matter if the angle is from underneath?

Does it matter if branches are in the way?
(this clip actually has two young bonobos gesturing)

Do the branches matter less if the movement is bigger?

Please give me feedback in the blog comments or on Twitter:
Were any of those gestures impossible to spot? Which condition was the hardest? After I hyped up the viewing difficulty at the top of this post, was it easier or harder than you expected to spot the gesture?

We are aiming to have the full experiment online by July, so WATCH THIS SPACE. We are also creating a website to host video examples of each gesture type for both bonobos and chimpanzees, so that you can finally actually see what the different gestures look like. 

Feb 13, 2017

Tapes 'n Tapes

It's been a change of pace since December, a different kind of "fieldwork". I'm working at the Primate Research Institute in Inuyama, Japan. The team at PRI have been filming wild chimpanzees at Bossou, Republic of Guinea, for the last 30 years. The video was used shortly after filming, by watching through a TV and coding directly. But most of the video is on tapes! VHS, Hi8, DV, even Betacam. Now we're working on a project to digitize all of the tapes, saving them to hard drives.

Digitizing the video will make it easier for future researchers to re-watch and code data through a computer. It will also protect the video footage. I didn't realise before, but VHS can go mouldy! Digitizing the tapes quickly should ensure that none of the video is lost.

This is a pretty big project, and many more people will continue to digitize after I leave. And the Bossou video isn't the only video that needs digitizing - so many universities and organisations have their own sets of tapes in the basement. I've made several videos to show how to use the digitizing system here at the Primate Research Institute: VHS, Hi8, and DV. It was fun Googling how to set everything up, but why put everyone else through the rigmarole?


This is just one tiny project at Primate Research Institute, but they do many more exciting things. They have an awesome Primatology and Wildlife Science graduate program and they run Kumamoto Sanctuary for retired biomedical chimpanzees (and 6 bonobos). Researchers conduct fieldwork and captive research alike. There always seems to be some kind of event going on, from weekly seminars to Conserv'Session documentary screenings. If I hadn't just finished a PhD, I'd definitely consider applying here...

Nov 30, 2016

Bonobos in the News

Three months, three bonobo papers.

by Alina Loth, Research Illustration

Expressed and Understood Repertoires

Bonobos use 68 gestures, around 90% of which are shared with chimpanzees. In some species, signals are given only by males and received only by females – think bird of paradise mating displays. But bonobo males and females, young and old, all produce and receive pretty much the same gesture types. There are some gestures that only adults produce and only young understand, e.g. gestures that ask the young to climb on the adult’s back. But these gestures are few and throughout an individual’s lifetime, everyone should have the opportunity to use and receive all gesture types. Thinking about the massive overlap with chimpanzees, the next question is “do bonobo and chimpanzee gestures mean the same thing?”. I’ll keep you posted!

This article was covered by Research Illustration and Not Bad Science.

Nahoko and I were following an adult female, Hide, who was carrying what seemed to be a miscarried infant. She carried the infant carefully all day, and then suddenly took a bite out of it! Hide was a dominant female and she ate most of the infant, which is what you’d expect in a meat-eating or -sharing event. Deborah was at Kokolopori when field assistants saw another cannibalism event. This time, the meat was controlled by a dominant female (not the mother) but the mother also ate pieces. The event at Kokolopori sounds similar to a case at LuiKotale. So now we’ve seen maternal cannibalism (mothers eating their babies) at three different places, which makes it look like it might not be so unusual. We’re still not sure what drives maternal cannibalism – it could be nutritional. Maybe events like these can tell us something about how bonobo mothers consider the deaths of their infants, but we’ll (unfortunately) need more examples first.

This article was covered by BBC Earth

When my dad reads a menu these days he has to hold it at arm’s length. So would Nao, if she could read. Nao is a 40+ year old female bonobo. As bonobos get older they become more long-sighted. We measured this by looking at the grooming distance – how far is it between their eyes and their fingertips when they’re grooming another bonobo? They should keep their fingers at the point of focus from their eyes. Forty-years seems to be the point where bonobos, like humans, start to “hold the menu further away”. Bonobo eyes seem to age like human eyes. One of our side findings, which I think is quite sweet, is that while human ears continue to grow forever (sorry grandpa, I’m talking about you!), there was no difference in ear length for young and old bonobos (the caveat being that none of our bonobos is over 60). They all just have pretty big ears.

This article was covered by The New York Times, New Scientist and more...

Sep 25, 2016

Kalinzu: First Impressions

I’ve been at Kalinzu research station in Uganda for just over a week, and it’s hard not to think of Wamba while I’m here. I’m constantly making comparisons!

To start with, Kalinzu is much easier to get to. It’s about a six-hour drive along a paved road all the way from Kampala. We have a 4x4 for the last section into the forest, but it’s still easy to get to compared to Wamba’s charter flight and motorbike expedition.

Easier transport means different food. There’s also reliable electricity, so we have a refrigerator with cold soda and beer!! Samuel, the cook, is amazing. There is a wider variety of ingredients available here than at Wamba, and with them he can cook all sorts of Japanese specialties (Kalinzu, like Wamba, is run by Kyoto University).

As you will perhaps have noticed by my more regular Tweets, there is also internet. Wamba doesn’t have any mobile phone reception, but Kalinzu does. Which is nice, but also, at Wamba I’m pretty happy being able to avoid all administrative work via email. I don’t have the same sort of excuse here.

The forest is also very different. The canopy is shorter. And although there are small streams, there is no swamp! I will not miss the ‘poto poto’.

What has struck me most about Kalinzu is the species diversity and density – there are many more monkeys here than at Wamba, probably because people don’t hunt them here. We regularly have colobus monkeys visit the camp, and every day I have seen blue monkeys and red tail monkeys. It definitely makes you wonder whether bonobos at Wamba would hunt monkeys if there were more monkeys to hunt…

Overall, it’s been a great first week. But I get the feeling that the next two months will fly by way too quickly.